Description: Baikal state natural biospheric preserve is founded by the decision S of the RSFSR dated September 26, 1969 of ¹ 571 on the basis the decision S of buryat ASSR dated December 31, 1968 of ¹ 461.
Preserve covers the center section of the mountain range Of Khamar-Daban and its northern [makrosklona], located along the South coast of Baykal lake, in the territory Of the Dzhidinskogo, Selenginskogo and Kabanskogo regions of the republic of Buryatiya.
Preserve originally was projected as complex ecosystem, that cover up to the present moment practically entire coast of Baykal. The protection of the unviolated cedar scaffolding is one of the most important tasks of preserve. At present preserve serves as standard territory for the evaluation of the action of [aeropromvybrosov] of the industry of South Siberia on the forest ecosystems.
Area 165 724 GA. Preserve surrounds the strip of the guarding zone with a width of from 0,5 to 4 km with total area 34 788 GA (it is formed by the decision of the Council of Ministers of buryat ASSR dated December 3, 1976. ¹ 435). Under the jurisdiction of preserve it was in 1985 transmitted the territory of the federal reservation of " Kabanskiy" (12 100 GA) in the delta r. of Selengi. Since 1975 the reservation of " [Kabanskiy]" it is related to water land of international significance delta of Selenga, Ramsarskaya convention).
In 1986 preserve was connected to the international network of biospheric reservations. Since 1996 the territory of preserve and reservation enters into the composition of the section of the world natural heritage of " [Baykal]" lake;. In the preserve there is a museum of nature. On the southern border of preserve (watershed khr. Khamar-Daban) passes a number of categorial tourist routes.